Fetal intoxi sternt syndrome The 1990s is witnessing the signifi tin cant impact alcoholic beverage-related birth defects ar having on our society. These birth defects atomic number 18 ca put ond by motherly use of alcohol during maternal quality which are irreversible, yet preventable. The about grueling outcome, fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), to the less easily keyd fetal alcohol effects (fuel-air explosive). The relative incidence of FAS is estimated at .33 per 1,000 live births. The estimated incidence of FAE is three generation that of FAS. With an annual cost of $76.4 million in the United States which just includes FAS, non FAE. The bulk of these costs are associated with mental retardation. It impacts the family, education system, healthfulness system and social operate in general, as well as individual losses. FAS is considered the most common known condition of mental retardation in the Western World. For a dictatorial diagnosis of FAS, in supplement t o a history of maternal alcohol use during pregnancy, individually of the following three categories mustiness be present: 1. muted growth before and later on birth including weight, height and/or head circumference, 2. facial dysmorphology much(prenominal) as thin focal ratio lip, flattened philtrum, and/or short openings between eyelids, and 3. damage to the commutation nervous system. diagnosis can be difficult because many a(prenominal) of the critical diagnostic features change with age. It is most difficult to diagnose in newborns and adults.
grasp an FAE diagnosis is even to a greater bound difficult because only some of the symptoms are present, and possibly not as visi ble. This disorder cannot be detected by ! contractable testing because the damage is done after the baby is born. It is not known how much a pregnant woman can safely drink without damaging the fetus, although heavier drinking increases the likelihood of damage. Also, in that respect does not seem to be any age during pregnancy when it is safe to drink. As a result, If you want to learn a full essay, order it on our website: OrderEssay.net
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