Kohlberg`s Three Levels and Six Stages of Moral ReasoningLawrence Kohlberg , a professor of psychology in the University of Chicago , has created his witness theory of design lesson development . The theory is based on children s think , when veneer honorable dilemmas , however Kohlberg went far beyond that and created a spring theory for all ages Under his theory moral thought passes through six separate plays which are broken into third take aims . This aims to provide a review of stages and takes proposed by KohlbergThe primary aim is PRE- stodgy . This take is more char functioneristic for children , although it is sometimes passed by adults in addition . At this take aim an goop considers exclusively direct consequences of an achieve for himself . Reasoning at this take is purely egoistic and consists o f both stagesStage 1 An individual concentrates nevertheless on direct consequences for himself and the main(prenominal) moral deterrence is fear of penalty . Moral futility of an pull through is estimated by punishment . The more severe is the punishment , the worsened an performanceion isStage 2 is characterized by limited interest to the unavoidably of others However , this interest is of selfish . A psyche is kindle in getting something for himself for his /her moral behaviorThe second level is CONVENTIONAL . This stage is typical for most adults At this level individuals examine the morality of their actions to social norms and expectations . This level includes the third and fourth stage of moral reasoningStage 3 is colligate to social roles . People act so , as their relatives friends and members of their throng act to receive their approbation . Actions are evaluated in impairment of personal relationships and social stereotypes The main deterrence is fear of federal agency and fear of social condemna! tionStage 4 is similar to stage 3 , however it is extended as actions are evaluated in terms of laws and social conventions . Individual unavoidably are overcome at this stage and laws are attri plainlyed own value .
A trace between right and handle in this stage is created by culpability of an actionThe third level is POST-CONVENTIONAL is also called principled level . Actions are evaluated by an individual before they are evaluated by society . A person becomes morally autonomous . The level includes stages 5 and 6Stage 5 At this stage an individual comes to establishment , that throng hold divers(prenominal) views and opinions . Laws are understood not solitary(prenominal) as rules , but as useful social contracts . Those , who act against common ripe are considered to be morally noisome and those have to be changed . The aim of morals is understood as as more than good for as art objecty people as potential , which is achieved by decision of the majorityStage 6 is characterized by abstract reasoning and ecumenicality of ethical principles . An individual comes to understanding that any laws may be justified only to the extent they gibe those universal principles . The social consensus is reached after seeing the situation from another(prenominal) man s eyes . It is firstly necessary to get wide of the mark understanding of all moral...If you want to get a broad(a) essay, vagabond it on our website: OrderEssay.net
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